o Sims: Patient lies on their left side, with their left hip and lower extremity straight, and right hip and knee bent; used for enemas and rectal examinations.
o Trendelenburg: Whole bed is tilted with HOB lower than foot of bed; promotes venous return.
o Reverse Trendelenburg: Whole bed is tilted with foot of bed lower than HOB; promotes gastric emptying (prevents reflux).
o Modified Trendelenburg: Patient lies flat with legs elevated above his/her heart; good for hypovolemia.
o Semi-fowlers: 15-45 degrees (usually 30 degrees); prevents aspiration and helps with ventilation.
o Fowlers: 45- 60 degrees; good for procedures (ex: suctioning), provides better ventilation.
o High fowlers: 60-90 degrees; good for severe dyspnea and during meals (to prevent aspiration).
o Supine: patient is flat on back
o Prone: patient is on stomach; helps to prevent hip flexion contractures after lower extremity amputation.
o Orthopneic: patient sits on side of bed with arms on overbed table; good for COPD (Promotes lung expansion)